learning to read

Learning to Read, Part 3

Letter Sounds

While you’re learning the letter names, feel free to throw in the letters sounds. Many of them are intuitive and take virtually no additional effort. So as you’re pointing out the sounds to your child, include the letter sound, for example, S (I write it as a capital to help you see it as you’re reading) says /s/ (letters written in backslashes indicates the sound). As your child gets older, you can include a key word to help them memorize (choose something that your child will remember, the actual word you use isn’t as important) 

S says /s/ like SNAKE

For consonants, keep the sound short. The letter P says /p/ not /puh/. T says /t/ not /tuh/. This is important later when they begin sounding out words: CAT is /c/-/a/-/t/ NOT /kuh/-/a/-/tuh/

For vowels, teach the short sound first. Later, you can explain that a vowel can also say its name. (Then even later, you can teach that it sometimes makes a third sound *grin* – English is weird)

Here is my suggested order to learn the letters in, based on frequency

Order to learn the letters

s – a – t – n

i – p – c – k

h – e – r – d

m – g – o – u

l – f – b – z

y – x – w – j

Then phonograms (start with sh, ch, th then ai, ay, oa – that will be for later though)